Exhibition until the 5th of September 2016 at the Massena Museum, 65 rue de France, 06000 Nice, open from 10am to 6pm except on tuesday, phone : 04.93.91.19.10, fee : 6 €.
The 2nd of February 1796 Napoleon Bonaparte takes command of the french army of Italy. This command isn't an easy way. His troops have no good clothes, any weapons and were demoralized. Bonaparte begins by motivating his soldiers but he knew well the battle field since 1793 - 1794. From the 27th of Mars 1794 to the 22nd of December 1974 he lives in the Laurentis house in Nice. Inside this house he imagines with Duroc, Lannes and Massena his strategy for the Italy campaign. His strategy was on the complete opposite of the one defend by the french minister of war Carnot. Carnot wants to attack the french opponents directly in Germany. Napoléon understands quickly that it's a big mistake. He doesn't follow the orders and lead a speed campaign between the 10th of April to the 28th of April 1796 (18 battles against 5 armies). He uses artillery for supporting the attacks of the infantery.
The Napoleon Bonaparte's victories on the battle fields will have political consequences. Firstly Napoleon will establishe the Cisalpine Republic who is the result of a melting between the Cispadane Republic and the Transpadane Republic the 27th of June 1797. This new Republic will take the name of Italian Republic in 1803 and will become kingdom of Italy in 1805. The glory won on the battle fields encourages Napoleon to take the power in France. He will mark his time by creating the empire style (splendors, arts,...) but also by trying to reconcile the french together like the writing of the french code civil (1804). The french civil code tries to unify the customs of the Old regime with the assets of the french Revolution.