Documentary directed by : Donna Roberts, writing credits (in alphabetical order) : Donna Reed, Donna Roberts, cast : Alice Walker (narrator), produced by : Donna Roberts, cinematography by : Gerald Hoffman, film editing by : Donna Reed, sound department : Ben Law.
The Candomble is an African - Brazilian religion practice in Brazil, in Paraguay, in Argentina and also in Venezuela who mixes the Catholicism and the African rituals born among the Yoruba (Nigeria). The African slaves deported to Brazil wanted to keep a link with the rituals of their ancestors. They take the prophet of the Catholicism (Jesus) and his apostles and they graft the African divinities from the African rituals on them. Jesus - Christ names "Oxala" god of the creativity and supreme son of the god "Olurum". Forbidden for a long time by the Catholic religion and persecuted by some governements the Candomble become to be more prosperous since the end of the slavery (1888) except during the military dictatorship.
Among the Candomble divinities we can find Yemanja (Iemanja) who is the equivalent of Notre Dame du devoir. This goddess (Orisha or Orixa) protects the families, the children and the fisheries and her colors are the blue, the white and the pink. Each Orishas owns his own personality, ability and ritual connected with a specific natural phenomenon. They are devoted in a Terreiro (Candomble house). Yemanja shows us the part playing by the women specially by the elder who transmit by speaking the traditions and the rituals to the youngest. In the Candomble the women are real feminists. They walk in the streets without their husbands and do a job but the oldest women don't considere the Candomble as a religion but as a philosophy.
Until the abolition of slavery the Candomble helps the African slaves to protect themselves from the slave drivers. They keep watching their culture and use it for recreating destroy families the slave trade. The nature plays an important part inside the Orishas competences specially for the women Orishas : "Ianrree" leads the winds and the storms, "Oxum" goddess of the beauty leads the rivers and "Noma" leads the mud who appears as essential for making the earth. The speed rising of the Brazilian economy is a problem for those who venerate the Orishas because the pollution and the buildings destroy the nature.