"Mexico (1900 - 1950)" at the Grand Palais, 75000 Paris 8th, open from Wednesday to Monday from 10am to 8pm, fee : 9 €, and, "The American painting of the 1930's" at the Orangerie Museum, place de la Concorde, 75000 Paris 8th, open from Wednesday to Monday, from 9am to 6pm, fee : 6, 50 € until the 30th of January 2017.
The both exhibitions at the Orangerie Museum and at the Grand Palais in Paris speak about the same topic : the links that have existed between the Americans and the Mexicans artists from the beginning of the 20th century to the 1950's. Now the elected president Trump wants to build a wall on the border between the United States and the Mexico and think that he can impose to the Mexicans to pay the bill. His populism deforms the history and gives a false judgements. His populism has influenced the choices of the paintings owners who have landed with some reserve certain canvas like the Grant Wood "American Gothic". In the Mexican side some diplomatic problems have complicated the loan of the canvas.
The relationships between the American artists and the Mexican artists are founded on two main ideas : first they have studied the European avant - garde and also made some travels to Europe specially in France where they have seen and understood the cubism, the new - plasticism, the new objectivity and the surrealism. Le douanier Rousseau, Matisse, Modigliani, Leger, Miro incite the American artists to let down the realism and the post impressionism for making more allegorical paintings. Some American artists like Philip Guston, Wolfgang Paalen and Georgia O'Keeffe and also some Mexican artists like Diego Rivera and David Siqueiros paint landscapes who translate the political worries of the 1930's.
The second main idea of the American and Mexican artists is the political dimension of art. The artists are frightened by what they see. In United States the depression, the jobless workers and the ruined farmers touch the artists. The American painter Philip Evergood paints some couples dancing for a long time for earning few dollars. The painter Alexander Hogue interest himself with the ruined farmers and show their situation. All these artists reject the fascism. In his canvas "Eternal city" the painter Peter Blume denounces the Imperial Rome cult, the catholicism oppressor and the militarism. Frida Khalo doesn't hesitate to welcome some European artists banish to Europe by the fascists in the house she lives in with Diego Rivera.
At last the both exhibitions underline the New York City magnetism improve by some Mexican artists. First the Mexicans artists like Diego Rivera and David Siqueiros will be rejected by the Patrons of arts because the reproach to these artists to have painted some canvas or realized some fresco including Marxist topics. Diego Rivera and David Siqueiros will go back to New York City in 1933 but they will receive a much hotter welcome form the authorities and the from the Patrons of arts. The election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt at the presidency of The United States and the will to fight against the racial politic introduced in Europe explain this sudden change. In 1936 David Siqueiros will open his experimental studio where the future leader of the expressionism abstract movement Jackson Pollock will follow some advises and improve his way for painting.