Documentary, directed by : Sidney Lumet, Joseph L Mankiewicz, writing credits (in alphabetical order) : Mitchell Grayson, Ely A Landau, produced by : Richard Kaplan, Ely A Landau, cast : Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Ruby Dee, James Earl Jones, Clarenc William III, Burt Lancaster, Ben Gazzara, Charlton Heston, Harry Belafonte, Sidney Poitier, Bill Cosby, Diahnn Caroll, Walter Matthau, Anthony Quinn, film editing : John Carter, L Hays, musique : Coleridge Taylor Perkinson, ..., 3h02mn, (1970).
This documentary deals with the Martin Luther King fight from the Montgomery boycott to his assassination in April 4th 1968 at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. Without any commentary but only actors, actresses or famous persons speaking poems or small texts the movie denote by his strength. Everything begins when Martin Luther King influenced by the Thoreau and Gandhi examples preaches the civil desobedience and the non violence. Martin Luther King and the civil rights members must affront the police violence, the hate of the white crowds and the insults. Martin Luther King arouses the respect because in his sermons he calls of love and fraternity like in the famous August 28th 1963 speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC. At the end of his life he will radicalize his own commitment by lassitude, by fear or may be because he begins to speak about economical equality. The Chicago march (1966) and the Memphis strike support (1968) will be more dangerous than the boycott. The documentary apogee will be constituted by the Martin Luther King public funerals ponctuated by Nina Simone performing "Why ?".