Nice and the Second Empire, exhibition at the Massena Museum from September 12 to November 30 2020, 65 street of France, 06000 Nice, daily open except Tuesdays from 10am to 6pm, phone : 04.93.91.19.10
In 1858 the French emperor Napoleon the third meets the Prime minister of Sardinia kingdom at Plombière. He makes to him the makes to him the proposition helping the kingdom unifying Italy under the leading of the Sardinia king Victor - Emmanuel. In exchange France will receive the Savoy and the city od Nice but the people living there must approuve this deal by voting. With the help of the French troups the Italians win and the Austrians must sign the treaty of Turin (March 1860) in which they admit their surrender. At the same time legislative elections hapen and the people of Nice choose two representatives (Garibaldi and Robaudi) who are against the linking with France. The new Italian king Victor - Emmanuel worried to respect his own promise asks voting yes (plebiscite of April 15 and 16 1860). The people follow the king wish by 83% and the French emperor with his wife Eugénie move to Nice in September 12 1860 where people welcome them with warmth feelings. This official visit brings also investments in infrastructures like railroad, roads and new town planning and transform the French Riviera as European winter capitale.